2007다음세계N호주방

오해하고 있으신게 몇가지 있기에,,(호주 총리 권한) 2009.01.08 - Christhills

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bizperth
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2020-08-29 15:05
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총독(Governor-General of Australia)의 실제 역할이 형식적인 것은 맞습니다...

그런의미에서 님의 전체적인 내용의 흐름을 놓고 봤을땐 다 틀린얘기는 아니구요,,

그러나 '그 형식상' 주어진 파워는 막강합니다..^^

 

The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative in Australia of the monarch of Australia (currently Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia). He or she exercises the supreme executive power of the Commonwealth.

 

The functions and roles of the Governor-General include appointing ambassadors, ministers and judges, giving Royal Assent to legislation, issuing writs for elections and bestowing honours.

 

The Governor-General is President of the Federal Executive Council and Commander-in-Chief of the Australian Defence Force.

 

All these things are done and all these posts are held under the authority of the Australian Constitution. Further, the Governor-General acts as vice-regal representative to the Australian Capital Territory.

 

The Constitution provides that a "Governor-General appointed by the Queen shall be Her Majesty's representative in the Commonwealth . . ."

 

The Constitution grants the Governor-General a wide range of powers,

 

but in practice he or she follows the conventions of the Westminster system and (with rare exceptions) acts only on the advice of the Prime Minister of Australia or other ministers.

 

Even in the appointment of the Prime Minister, the Governor-General rarely exercises any discretion, usually appointing the leader of the largest party or coalition of parties in the House of Representatives.

 

---------> 자세히 볼까요??

 

Reserve powers

In the United Kingdom, the reserve powers of the Crown are not explicitly stated in constitutional enactments and are the province of convention,

but in Australia, the powers are explicitly given to the Governor-General in the Constitution but it is their use that is the subject of convention.

 

The reserve powers are:

 

The power to dissolve (or refuse to dissolve) the House of Representatives. (Section 5 of the Constitution)

The power to dissolve Parliament on the occasion of a deadlock. (Section 57)

The power to withhold assent to Bills. (Section 58)

The power to appoint (or dismiss) Ministers. (Section 64)


 

These powers are generally and routinely exercised on Ministerial advice,

but the Governor-General retains the ability to act independently in certain circumstances, as governed by convention.

 

It is generally held that  the Governor-General may use their powers without ministerial advice in the following situations:

 

if an election results in a Parliament in which no party has a majority, the Governor-General may select the Prime Minister.

 

if a Prime Minister loses the support of the House of Representatives, the Governor-General may appoint a new Prime Minister

if a Prime Minister advises a dissolution of the House of Representatives,

the Governor-General may refuse that request,

or request further reasons why it should be granted.

 

It is worth noting that convention does not give the Governor-General the ability to dissolve either the House of Representatives or the Senate without advice.

The use of the reserve powers may arise

in the following circumstances:

 

if a Prime Minister advises a dissolution of Parliament on the occasion of a deadlock between the Houses, the Governor-General may refuse that request

if the Governor-General is not satisfied with a legislative Bill presented to him,

he or she may refuse Royal Assent

if a Prime Minister resigns after losing a vote of confidence, the Governor-General may select a new replacement contrary to the advice of the outgoing Prime Minister

 

if a Prime Minister is unable to obtain Supply and refuses to resign or advise a dissolution,

the Governor-General may dismiss him or her and appoint a new Prime Minister.

 

The above is not an exhaustive list, and new situations may arise. The most notable use of the reserve powers occurred in November 1975 in the course of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis. On this occasion the Governor-General, Sir John Kerr, dismissed the government of Gough Whitlam when the Senate withheld Supply to the government, even though Whitlam retained the confidence of the House of Representatives. Kerr determined that he had both the right and the duty to dismiss the government and commission a new government that would recommend a dissolution of the Parliament. Despite the apparent endorsement of his action by the electorate at the 1975 election, the events surrounding the dismissal remain extremely controversial.

Beyond constitutional functions, the Governor-General has an important ceremonial role.

 

He or she travels widely throughout Australia to open conferences, attend services and commemorations and generally provide encouragement to individuals and groups who are contributing to their communities.

When travelling abroad, the Governor-General is seen as the representative of Australia, and of the Queen of Australia, and is treated as a head of state in most ways.

 

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia_Governor_General

 

 

눈딱부리
sinsook****

제가 알고있던 것보다 몇가지 권한이 더 있군요.. ㅎㅎ 역시 배울것은 끝이 없습니다. 09.01.08

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